Jobs, Career, Salary and Education Information (2022)

Career, Salary and Education Information

What They Do: Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the Earth’s surface.

Work Environment: Petroleum engineers generally work in offices or at drilling and well sites. Travel is frequently required to visit these sites or to meet with other engineers, oilfield workers, and customers.

How to Become One: Petroleum engineers must have a bachelor’s degree in engineering, preferably petroleum engineering. However, a bachelor’s degree in mechanical, civil, chemical engineering may meet employer requirements. Employers also value work experience, so cooperative-education programs, in which students earn academic credit and job experience, are valuable as well.

Salary: The median annual wage for petroleum engineers is $130,850.

Job Outlook: Employment of petroleum engineers is projected to grow 8 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Related Careers: Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of petroleum engineers with similar occupations.

Following is everything you need to know about a career as a petroleum engineer with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career:

Top 3 Petroleum Engineer Jobs

  • Marketing Data Analyst (Remote) - Society of Petroleum Engineers - Remote, OR

    THE ORGANIZATION The Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) is the largest individual-member organization serving managers, engineers , scientists, and other professionals worldwide in the upstream ...

  • Petroleum Engineer - Mewbourne Oil Company - Perryton, TX

    Experience and Qualifications Candidates with a petroleum engineering degree, mechanical engineering degree, or chemical engineering degree are preferred, however, individuals with related ...

  • - Marathon Petroleum Corporation (MPC) - Carlsbad, NM

    The Process Controls Engineer provides DCS, SCADA, PLC, and HMI automation technical support for ... Learn more about Marathon Petroleum 's benefits at www.mympcbenefits.com. As an energy industry ...

See all Petroleum Engineer jobs

What Petroleum Engineers Do[About this section] [To Top]

Petroleum engineers design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the Earth's surface. Petroleum engineers also find new ways to extract oil and gas from older wells.

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Duties of Petroleum Engineers

Petroleum engineers typically do the following:

  • Design equipment to extract oil and gas from onshore and offshore reserves deep underground
  • Develop plans to drill in oil and gas fields, and then to recover the oil and gas
  • Develop ways to inject water, chemicals, gases, or steam into an oil reserve to force out more oil or gas
  • Make sure that oilfield equipment is installed, operated, and maintained properly
  • Evaluate the production of wells through surveys, testing, and analysis

Oil and gas deposits, or reservoirs, are located deep in rock formations underground. These reservoirs can be accessed only by drilling wells, either on land, or at sea from offshore oil rigs.

Once oil and gas are discovered, petroleum engineers work with geoscientists and other specialists to understand the geologic formation of the rock containing the reservoir. They then determine the drilling methods, design the drilling equipment, implement the drilling plan, and monitor operations.

The best techniques currently being used recover only a portion of the oil and gas in a reservoir, so petroleum engineers also research and develop new ways to recover more of the oil and gas. This additional recovery helps to lower the cost of drilling and production.

The following are examples of types of petroleum engineers:

Completions engineers decide the best way to finish building wells so that oil or gas will flow up from underground. They oversee work to complete the building of wells—a project that might involve the use of tubing, hydraulic fracturing, or pressure-control techniques.

Drilling engineers determine the best way to drill oil or gas wells, taking into account a number of factors, including cost. They also ensure that the drilling process is safe, efficient, and minimally disruptive to the environment.

Production engineers take over wells after drilling is completed. They typically monitor wells' oil and gas production. If wells are not producing as much as expected, production engineers figure out ways to increase the amount being extracted.

Reservoir engineers estimate how much oil or gas can be recovered from underground deposits, known as reservoirs. They study reservoirs' characteristics and determine which methods will get the most oil or gas out of the reservoirs. They also monitor operations to ensure that optimal levels of these resources are being recovered.

Work Environment for Petroleum Engineers[About this section] [To Top]

Petroleum engineers hold about 28,500 jobs. The largest employers of petroleum engineers are as follows:

Oil and gas extraction 34%
Management of companies and enterprises 19%
Support activities for mining 12%
Engineering services 7%
Petroleum and coal products manufacturing 7%

Petroleum engineers generally work in offices or at drilling and well sites. Travel is frequently required to visit these sites or to meet with other engineers, oilfield workers, and customers.

Large oil and gas companies maintain operations around the world; therefore, petroleum engineers sometimes work in other countries. Petroleum engineers also must be able to work with people from a wide variety of backgrounds, including other types of engineers, scientists, and oil and gas field workers.

Petroleum Engineer Work Schedules

Petroleum engineers typically work full time. Overtime may be necessary when traveling to and from drilling sites to help in their operation or respond to problems when they arise.

How to Become a Petroleum Engineer[About this section] [To Top]

Get the education you need: Find schools for Petroleum Engineers near you!

Petroleum engineers must have a bachelor's degree in engineering, preferably petroleum engineering. However, a bachelor's degree in mechanical, civil, or chemical engineering may meet employer requirements. Employers also value work experience, so college cooperative-education programs, in which students earn academic credit and job experience, are valuable as well.

Education for Petroleum Engineers

Students interested in studying petroleum engineering will benefit from taking high school courses in math, such as algebra, trigonometry, and calculus; and in science, such as biology, chemistry, and physics.

Entry-level petroleum engineering jobs require a bachelor's degree. Bachelor's degree programs include classes, laboratory work, and field studies in areas such as engineering principles, geology, and thermodynamics. Most colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education.

Some colleges and universities offer 5-year programs in chemical or mechanical engineering that lead to both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree. Some employers prefer applicants who have earned a graduate degree. A graduate degree also allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities or in research and development.

ABET accredits programs in petroleum engineering.

Important Qualities for Petroleum Engineers

Analytical skills. Petroleum engineers must be able to compile and make sense of large amounts of technical information and data in order to ensure that facilities operate safely and effectively.

Creativity. Because each new drill site is unique and therefore presents new challenges, petroleum engineers must be able to come up with creative designs to extract oil and gas.

Interpersonal skills. Petroleum engineers must work with others on projects that require highly complex machinery, equipment, and infrastructure. Communicating and working well with other engineers and oil and gas workers is crucial to ensuring that projects meet customer needs and run safely and efficiently.

Math skills. Petroleum engineers use the principles of calculus and other advanced topics in math for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.

Problem-solving skills. Identifying problems in drilling plans is critical for petroleum engineers because these problems can be costly. Petroleum engineers must be careful not to overlook any potential issues and must quickly address those which do occur.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations for Petroleum Engineers

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a petroleum engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one's career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor's degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE).

Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses in order to keep their licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state's requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. The Society of Petroleum Engineers offers certification. To be certified, petroleum engineers must be members of the Society, pass an exam, and meet other qualifications.

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Advancement for Petroleum Engineers

Entry-level engineers usually work under the supervision of experienced engineers. In large companies, new engineers also may receive formal training. As engineers gain knowledge and experience, they move to more difficult projects on which they have greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions.

Eventually, petroleum engineers may advance to supervise a team of engineers and technicians. Some become engineering managers or move into other managerial positions. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.

Petroleum engineers also may go into sales and use their engineering background to inform the discussion of a product's technical aspects with potential buyers and to help in product planning, installation, and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.

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Petroleum Engineer Salaries[About this section] [More salary/earnings info] [To Top]

The median annual wage for petroleum engineers is $130,850. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $78,390, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $208,000.

The median annual wages for petroleum engineers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Management of companies and enterprises $165,480
Oil and gas extraction $141,570
Petroleum and coal products manufacturing $128,740
Engineering services $127,240
Support activities for mining $123,820

Petroleum engineers typically work full time. Overtime may be necessary when traveling to and from drilling and well sites to help in their operation or respond to problems when they arise.

Job Outlook for Petroleum Engineers[About this section] [To Top]

Employment of petroleum engineers is projected to grow 8 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Employment of Petroleum Engineers

Oil prices will be a major determinant of employment growth. Because many petroleum engineers work in oil and gas extraction, any changes in oil prices will likely affect employment levels. Higher prices can cause oil and gas companies to increase capital investment in new facilities and expand existing production operations. Typically, companies also expand exploration for new reserves of oil and gas when prices are high.

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Demand for petroleum engineers in support activities for mining should continue to be strong, as large oil and gas companies find it convenient and cost effective to contract production and drilling work to these firms as needed.

Employment projections data for Petroleum Engineers, 2020-30
Occupational Title Employment, 2020 Projected Employment, 2030 Change, 2020-30
Percent Numeric
Petroleum engineers 28,500 30,700 8 2,200

More Petroleum Engineer Information[About this section] [To Top]

For information about general engineering education and career resources, visit

American Society for Engineering Education

Technology Student Association

For information about the Professional Engineer license, visit

National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying

National Society of Professional Engineers

For information about accredited engineering programs, visit

ABET

For information about certification, visit

Society of Petroleum Engineers

A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.


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Information technology (IT) careers are growing quickly and offer above-average salaries. IT professionals play an integral role in their organizations’ digital infrastructure. They handle data storage and ensure their organizations' technology works efficiently. Whether you’re interested in cybe

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Information clerks perform routine clerical duties such as maintaining records, collecting data, and providing information to customers.

What They Do : Information clerks perform routine clerical duties, maintain records, collect data, and provide information to customers.. Information clerks perform routine clerical duties such as maintaining records, collecting data, and providing information to customers.. Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks , also called front desk clerks , provide customer service to guests at the establishment's front desk.. Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks221,000Interviewers, except eligibility and loan180,200Court, municipal, and license clerks162,100Information and record clerks, all other159,900Eligibility interviewers, government programs145,400Order clerks133,900Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping112,000Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks101,600File clerks99,700Correspondence clerks7,000The largest employers of information clerks are as follows:. However, part-time work is common for hotel clerks and file clerks.. Information clerks, particularly human resources assistants, have access to confidential information.. Information clerks who work with the public and customers must understand and communicate information effectively in order to establish positive relationships.. Eligibility interviewers, government programs$47,420Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping$45,630Court, municipal, and license clerks$44,610Information and record clerks, all other$43,160Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks$39,900Correspondence clerks$37,920Order clerks$37,920Interviewers, except eligibility and loan$37,220File clerks$36,360Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks$28,080The median annual wages for information clerks in the top industries in which they work are as follows:. As organizations combine their administrative functions, fewer correspondence clerks, file clerks, and order clerks will be needed.. Employment projections data for Information Clerks, 2020-30Occupational TitleEmployment, 2020Projected Employment, 2030Change, 2020-30PercentNumericInformation clerks1,322,9001,343,300220,400 Correspondence clerks7,0006,800-3-200 Court, municipal, and license clerks162,100171,60069,500 Eligibility interviewers, government programs145,400150,90045,600 File clerks99,70087,100-13-12,600 Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks221,000257,3001636,300 Interviewers, except eligibility and loan180,200168,400-7-11,800 Order clerks133,900109,500-18-24,400 Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping112,000108,800-3-3,200 Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks101,600114,7001313,100 Information and record clerks, all other159,900168,10058,200A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.

Get up-to-date 2021-2022 market data and salary about a career in the education and training sector. Access or join our candidate pipeline for education and training careers.

May conduct instructional, research, or public service activities of institution.. Plan, direct, or coordinate student instruction, administration, and services, as well as other research and educational activities, at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and.... Teach courses pertaining to education, such as counseling, curriculum, guidance, instruction, teacher education, and teaching English as a second language.. Includes teachers of subjects such as.... Teach courses in childcare, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects pertaining to home management.. Teach courses in law.. Teach courses in library science.. Instruct preschool-aged students, following curricula or lesson plans, in activities designed to promote social, physical, and intellectual growth.. Teach courses in social work.. Assist faculty or other instructional staff in postsecondary institutions by performing instructional support activities, such as developing teaching materials, leading discussion groups, preparing and giving.... Assist a preschool, elementary, middle, or secondary school teacher with instructional duties.. Serve in a position for which a teacher has primary responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs.... Assist a preschool, elementary, middle, or secondary school teacher to provide academic, social, or life skills to students who have learning, emotional, or physical disabilities.. Instruct individual students or small groups of students in academic subjects to support formal class instruction or to prepare students for standardized or admissions tests.

Surveyors make precise measurements to determine property boundaries. They provide data relevant to the shape and contour of the Earth's surface.

Project Surveyor II - AECOM - Abeokuta The Project Surveyor will be part of a site-based post contract delivery team within client offices for all cost management activities – the surveyor will be…. Senior Project Surveyor - AECOM - Abeokuta Senior Project Surveyor minimum; degree in Surveying or Engineering; Chartered Status preferred; 10 yrs experience; 3 years in Middle East; infrastructure…. Measure distances and angles between points on, above, and below the Earth's surface Travel to locations and use known reference points to determine the exact location of important features Research land records, survey records, and land titles Look for evidence of previous boundaries to determine where boundary lines are located Record the results of surveying and verify the accuracy of data Prepare plots, maps, and reports Present findings to clients and government agencies Establish official land and water boundaries for deeds, leases, and other legal documents and testify in court regarding survey work. Although advances in surveying technology now allow many jobs to be performed by just one surveyor, other jobs may be performed by a crew, consisting of a licensed surveyor and trained surveying technicians .. In some states, surveying technicians can become licensed surveyors after working for as many as 10 years under a licensed surveyor.

Information clerks perform routine clerical duties such as maintaining records, collecting data, and providing information to customers.

What They Do : Information clerks perform routine clerical duties, maintain records, collect data, and provide information to customers.. Information clerks perform routine clerical duties such as maintaining records, collecting data, and providing information to customers.. Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks , also called front desk clerks , provide customer service to guests at the establishment's front desk.. Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks221,000Interviewers, except eligibility and loan180,200Court, municipal, and license clerks162,100Information and record clerks, all other159,900Eligibility interviewers, government programs145,400Order clerks133,900Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping112,000Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks101,600File clerks99,700Correspondence clerks7,000The largest employers of information clerks are as follows:. However, part-time work is common for hotel clerks and file clerks.. Information clerks, particularly human resources assistants, have access to confidential information.. Information clerks who work with the public and customers must understand and communicate information effectively in order to establish positive relationships.. Eligibility interviewers, government programs$47,420Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping$45,630Court, municipal, and license clerks$44,610Information and record clerks, all other$43,160Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks$39,900Correspondence clerks$37,920Order clerks$37,920Interviewers, except eligibility and loan$37,220File clerks$36,360Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks$28,080The median annual wages for information clerks in the top industries in which they work are as follows:. However, part-time work is common for hotel clerks and file clerks.. As organizations combine their administrative functions, fewer correspondence clerks, file clerks, and order clerks will be needed.. Employment projections data for Information Clerks, 2020-30Occupational TitleEmployment, 2020Projected Employment, 2030Change, 2020-30PercentNumericInformation clerks1,322,9001,343,300220,400 Correspondence clerks7,0006,800-3-200 Court, municipal, and license clerks162,100171,60069,500 Eligibility interviewers, government programs145,400150,90045,600 File clerks99,70087,100-13-12,600 Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks221,000257,3001636,300 Interviewers, except eligibility and loan180,200168,400-7-11,800 Order clerks133,900109,500-18-24,400 Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping112,000108,800-3-3,200 Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks101,600114,7001313,100 Information and record clerks, all other159,900168,10058,200A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.

Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future.

What They Do : Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth.. Doing research and investigations outdoors is commonly called fieldwork and can require irregular working hours and extensive travel to remote locations.. However, some workers begin their careers as geoscientists with a master’s degree.. Job Outlook : Employment of geoscientists is projected to grow 7 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.. Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future.. Plan and carry out field studies, in which they visit locations to collect samples and conduct surveys Analyze aerial photographs, well logs (detailed records of geologic formations found during drilling), rock samples, and other data sources to locate deposits of natural resources and estimate their size Conduct laboratory tests on samples collected in the field Make geologic maps and charts Prepare written scientific reports Present their findings to clients, colleagues, and other interested parties. They may also use remote sensing equipment to collect data, as well as geographic information systems (GIS) and modeling software to analyze the data collected.. Petroleum geologists explore the Earth for oil and gas deposits.. Extensive travel and long periods away from home can be physically and psychologically demanding.. However, some workers begin their careers as geoscientists with a master's degree.. A geosciences degree is generally preferred by employers, although some geoscientists begin their careers with degrees in environmental science or engineering.. Some geoscientist jobs require a master's degree.. Geoscientists work on complex projects filled with challenges.

Interested in a career in education? Learn about education career paths, the highest paying jobs in education, and what makes education careers so rewarding!

But even if you don’t plan to teach in a traditional classroom setting, an education degree can be a stepping stone to a wide variety of careers in education, including education administration, school counseling, or even social work.. Teaching is certainly the most commonly known career path for students earning a degree in education, and it’s a great option if you like working with children or adults in a classroom setting.. English as a second language teachers have the options to work in a traditional school setting, during evening hours to accommodate older students and an online option to connect with students in different locations.. National AveragePennsylvania AverageDegree RequirementsHigh School Teachers $59,170$66,020Bachelor's Degree Elementary School Teachers $56,900$65,370Bachelor's Degree Kindergarten Teachers $56,900$64,280Associates Degree Middle School Teachers $57,720$65,270Bachelor's Degree Special Education Teachers $58,980$64,280Bachelor's Degree. Postsecondary Teacher Postsecondary Education Administrator Curriculum Developer Schools Counselor Special Education Teacher. Prepare lessons that will engage and challenge students Create assignments that will connect lessons to a bigger concept Vary teaching style to keep students’ attention and meet their needs Participate in after-school clubs or tutoring Meet with parents to discuss a student’s progress Become involved in professional organizations Grade student assignments and offer feedback that will enhance their understanding of the subject matter. GMercyU’s School of Education can help you become the teacher or school administrator you aspire to be.

Survey researchers design surveys and analyze data. Surveys are used to collect factual data, such as employment and salary information.

What They Do : Survey researchers design and conduct surveys and analyze data.. Job Outlook : Employment of survey researchers is projected to grow 4 percent over the next ten years, slower than the average for all occupations.. Related Careers : Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of survey researchers with similar occupations.. Survey researchers design surveys and analyze data.. Conduct background research on survey topics Plan and design surveys, and determine appropriate survey methods Test surveys to make sure that people will understand the questions being asked Coordinate the work of survey interviewers and data collectors Account for and solve problems caused by nonresponse or other sampling issues Analyze data, using statistical software and techniques Summarize survey data, using tables, graphs, and fact sheets Evaluate surveys, the methods underlying them, and their performance to improve future surveys. Researchers who collect and analyze market research data are known as market research analysts .. Researchers use a variety of statistical techniques and analytical software to plan surveys, adjust for errors in the data, and analyze the results.. When designing surveys and analyzing data, they usually work alone in an office setting, although some work on teams with other researchers.. Many research positions require a master's degree or Ph.D. Survey researchers can have a master's degree in a variety of fields, including marketing or survey research, statistics, and the social sciences.. Many businesses, research and polling firms, and marketing companies offer internships for college students or recent graduates who want to work in market and survey research.. Survey researchers must design or choose a survey and a survey method that together best capture the information needed.. Survey researchers must pay attention to details, because survey results depend on collecting, analyzing, and reporting the data accurately.. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.

Interpreters and translators convert information from one language into another language using sign language and written language.

What They Do : Interpreters and translators convert information from one language into another language.. Interpreters and translators convert information from one language into another language.. Interpreters work in spoken or sign language; translators work in written language.. Interpreters convert information from one spoken language into another—or, in the case of sign language interpreters, between spoken language and sign language.. Simultaneous interpreters convey a spoken or signed message into another language at the same time someone is speaking or signing.. The work is often in the field of international business or diplomacy, although conference interpreters can interpret for any organization that works with speakers of foreign languages.. They must not only know both languages, but also understand the technical information they are working with and the culture of the people who will be using the product or service.. Sign language interpreters facilitate communication between people who are deaf or hard of hearing and people who can hear.. Through community organizations, students interested in sign language interpreting may take introductory classes in American Sign Language (ASL) and seek out volunteer opportunities to work with people who are deaf or hard of hearing.. At the state level, the courts offer certification in at least 20 languages.. Translators must be able to read in all of the languages in which they are working.. Interpreters and translators who know languages that are in high demand or that relatively few people can translate often earn higher wages.

Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization's computer networks and systems.

What They Do : Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization's computer networks and systems.. Employers usually prefer to hire analysts with experience in a related occupation.. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring.. Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization's computer networks and systems.. Their responsibilities are continually expanding as the number of cyberattacks increases.. IT security analysts are heavily involved with creating their organization's disaster recovery plan, a procedure that IT employees follow in case of emergency.. These plans allow for the continued operation of an organization's IT department.. Analysts continually test the steps in their recovery plans.. Many analysts have experience in an information technology department, often as a network or computer systems administrator .. Some employers look for people who have already worked in fields related to the one in which they are hiring.. If they are hiring in systems security, a computer systems analyst may be an ideal candidate.. Information security analysts must anticipate information security risks and implement new ways to protect their organizations' computer systems and networks.. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.. The median annual wages for information security analysts in the top industries in which they work are as follows:. The increasing adoption of cloud services by small and medium-sized businesses and a rise in cybersecurity threats will create demand for information security analysts in the computer systems design and related services industry throughout the decade.

Lawyers Career, Salary and Education Information What do they do ? Lawyers advise and represent individuals, businesses, and politics agencies on legal issues . There is a study environment. Most lawyers work in individual and bodied offices. Some lawyers are employed by federal, local, and state governments. many lawyers work more than 40 hours a workweek . How do you become one ? Lawyers are required to have a law degree and pass a state bar examination . There is a wage. Lawyers make a median annual wage of $ 127,990. Reading: Lawyers: Jobs, Career, Salary and Education Information There

Lawyers advise and represent individuals, businesses, and politics agencies on legal issues .. Employers who are actively hiring will be able to see the real job career requirements.. Advise and represent clients in courts, before government agencies, and in private legal matters Communicate with their clients, colleagues, judges, and others involved in the case Conduct research and analysis of legal problems Interpret laws, rulings, and regulations for individuals and businesses Present facts in writing and verbally to their clients or others, and argue on behalf of their clients Prepare and file legal documents, such as lawsuits, appeals, wills, contracts, and deeds. Others may work as government counsels.. Lawyers who are in secret practice and those who work in large firms much work extra hours .. Every class or every 3 years, about all states require lawyers to take continuing legal education .. Lawyers can get cover legal education courses from law schools and bar associations.. Summer internships in law firms, government agencies, and corporate legal departments provide valuable have.. After completing their first year at law school, some students can be hired as summer associates.. All of these experiences can help law students decide what kind of legal ferment they want to focus on in their careers and may lead directly to a job after graduation .. Lawyers help their clients.. Lawyers need good problem-solving skills to prepare the best department of defense for their clients .. Lawyers who are in individual practice and those who work in boastfully firms frequently work extra hours .. There are legal jobs .. many large corporations are increasing their in-house legal departments in order to cut costs, despite the fact that police firms will silent be among the largest employers of lawyers.

Career and technical education teachers instruct students in various technical and vocational subjects, such as auto repair, healthcare, and culinary arts.

Work Environment : Most career and technical education teachers work in middle, high, and postsecondary schools, such as 2-year colleges.. How to Become One : Career and technical education teachers typically must have at least a bachelor’s degree.. Career and technical education teachers typically do the following:. Create lesson plans and assignments Instruct students on how to develop certain skills Show how to apply classroom knowledge through hands-on activities Demonstrate and supervise the safe and proper use of tools and equipment Monitor students' progress, assign tasks, and grade assignments Discuss students' progress with parents, students, and counselors Develop and enforce classroom rules and safety procedures. They use a variety of teaching techniques to help students learn and develop skills related to a specific career or field of study.. Some teachers work with local businesses and nonprofit organizations to provide practical work experience for students.. In postsecondary schools, they teach specific career skills that help students earn a certificate, a diploma, or an associate's degree, and prepare them for a specific job.. In most states, teachers in middle and high schools teach one subject within the 16 major career fields, also known as Career Clusters ® .. Vocational education teachers, postsecondary114,200Career/technical education teachers, secondary school72,300Career/technical education teachers, middle school11,500The largest employers of career and technical education teachers are as follows:. Teachers usually work the traditional 10-month school year and have a 2-month break during the summer.. Many career and technical education teachers need work experience in the field they teach.. Career/technical education teachers, secondary school$61,820Career/technical education teachers, middle school$61,820Vocational education teachers, postsecondary$59,840The median annual wages for career and technical education teachers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:. Teachers usually work the traditional 10-month school year and have a 2-month break during the summer.. However, this growth is expected to be reduced somewhat as schools continue to require students to take more academic classes.

What does an education policy analyst do? Find out how experts in education use data analysis and research to back legislation and policy in higher education.

Understanding how regulatory and policy changes impact students, educators, and institutions is the primary role of education policy analysts .. ), combined with years of experience as an educator, can lay the foundation for a successful career as an education policy analyst.. Education policy analysts perform research into the issues facing the education sector and propose solutions.. According to a 2020 Resilient Educator guide, some of the responsibilities of education policy analysts include the following:. Policy analysts research the issues that impact higher education.. A key part of the role of an education policy analyst is to keep up with current events in education, including policy decisions and trends.. To become an education policy analyst, professionals will need an educational foundation that supports their goals, the appropriate technical skills to do the job, and an understanding of the resources that can help them on their journey.. In addition to research-specific coursework, a doctorate in education will include in-depth examination of the practices, policies, and challenges of modern education, specifically those facing colleges and universities.. Administrators and policy analysts need to understand how these shifting demographics are changing higher education.. Education policy analysts can take advantage of a host of professional resources to enhance their expertise and advance their careers, including professional organizations, policy institutes, and thought leaders in the field.. Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management The goal of the Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management (APPAM) is to support the growth and excellence of research, analysis, and education.. National Education Policy Center The National Education Policy Center (NEPC) produces research to guide education policy discussions.. American Youth Policy Forum The goal of the American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF) is to educate policymakers and researchers, among others, about education, youth, and workforce policies that impact marginalized young people.. Resilient Educator notes that the general range for educational policy analyst salaries is on the high end for the field of education, with many of these roles also carrying a full suite of health insurance and retirement benefits.. Financial Affairs in Higher Education deals with the intersection of education finance and policy.

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